Visual Perception and Cognition

  1. Visual Discrimination: Ability to discriminate dominant features in the different objects e.g. shape, colour , size
  • May to straggle to match socks , coin
  • May to straggle to identify the difference between similar looking letter and words .e.g. b/d , b/p, 5/S , Car/Cat
  1. Visual Memory: The ability to recall or remember the visual details of what you have seen is known as visual memory.
  • May straggle to –
  1. Recognize number and letter
  2. Remember sight word
  3. Copy work
  4. Visual Special Relationship: It is the ability to understand and interpret relationship or ability to perceive the position of two/more objects in relation to yourself and in relation to each other.
  5. Between oneself and other people. e.g. Stand behind your father
  6. Between oneself and other object. e.g. Put the chair beside Daddy
  7. Object is relation to other objects. e.g. Put the brick in the box
  8. Visual form Constancy: Ability to recognize forms and objects as the same in any position, size or environment.

E.g. recognize dog, whether it is in a photo or in real.

Student straggle with: When colour, size or font changes.

  1. Visual Sequential memory: Visual sequential memory is the ability to remember visual details in the correct sequence. This is essential for spelling and reading.
  2. Visual figure-ground: Ability to maintain visual attention on an object / stimulus whilst other stimuli form the dimly perceived background.

   May straggle to –

  1. Find information on busy blackboard
  2. Hard to copy work
  3. Difficulty with map work
  4. 7. Visual Closure: Ability to identify incomplete figures when only fragments are presented.

Activities :

  1. ( VD+ VM+VSR ) :
  2. Matching/Shorting/Identification of different or similar looking alphabets or numbers (e.g.b/d or b/d/p or S/5)
  3. Put the said alphabet or number in appropriate box (e.g. b = right hand side box, d = lefthand side box)


  1. ( VM+ VFC ):

Recognizing said alphabet (e.g. A) /Toy from different position/size /environment/colour


  1. ( VC +VFG ):

Two part puzzle: One part will be kept on the board; another part will be kept elsewherewith some similar or different object. Encourage the kid to recognize and pick up the separated part to complete the puzzle.


  1. (VM):

Identify the changes: Put a group of similar or different objects (no.s 2~5) in same or different place and encourage the child to observe the objects for a while. Now add a new object to the group or hide away an object from the group. Encourage the child to identify the newly added or the hidden object.


  • Sonia Posted January 12, 2018 7:33 am

    It is a good artical

  • Pradip Posted January 12, 2018 7:41 am

    This article is very good for children…

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